Deer‐Resistant Perennials and Useful Tips for Planting in the Northeast
You take pride in your landscaping and we take pride in ensuring you, our valued customers, have a positive experience in creating beautiful areas on your property.
We also know that in this area, we experience issues with deer feeding on our plants and flowers. We have compiled a list of deer‐resistant perennials, as well as some useful tips and options for keeping deer away. A deer‐resistant perennial is defined as a perennial plant or flower that deer may overlook and not eat in favor of a more preferred plant. Some deer‐resistant perennials are:
Broom (Genista tinctoria ) ‐ 3′ tall and wide, zones 3‐8, full sun. Conical‐shaped panicles up to 3″ long of golden yellow flowers adorn this deciduous shrub from spring to early summer. Adapts to poor soil.
Siberian Iris (Iris siberica) ‐ 28″ tall, zones 4‐9, full sun. Beautiful, grassy foliage makes a good contrast in any garden. Drought resistant but also does well in moist soil. Once established, there’s no weeding these expanding clumps.
Juniper (Juniperus sp.) ‐ Grows to a height of 3 to 10 feet with an equal spread. Form can be variable from low and spreading to an erect shrub. Cones are berry‐like. Leaves are evergreen needles but can turn light brown during the winter. Tolerant of a wide variety of soils. Grows best with full sun. Zones 2‐6. Native.
Peony (Paeonia sp.) ‐ 30‐36″ tall, zones 3‐8, full sun to part shade. Variety of colors, bloom times range from spring to early summer. Stunning cut flower. Avoid planting your peony too deeply and be patient with it as it can take a few years to settle in before it begins to flower ‐ the blooms are well worth the wait!
Oriental Poppy (Papaver Orientale) ‐ 30″ tall, zones 3‐7, full sun. Make your neighbors jealous with this superbly beautiful flower. Deeply cupped satiny petals, each with a pure black center, are borne above toothed, hairy foliage. Oriental poppies love to be planted in the fall for bloom the following spring. They love rich soil, feeding, and regular watering.
Potentilla (Potentilla cinquefoil) ‐ 2‐3′ tall, 5′ wide, zones 3‐7, full sun. White, pink, or yellow flowers throughout the summer. Blue‐green foliage, spreading habit. The name comes from the Greek word “potens,” meaning powerful, from reputed medicinal qualities. Enjoy the summer‐long flowering qualities of these selections and your deer will leave the taste testing to the drug companies. These tough, deciduous shrubs thrive in almost any soil.
Spiraea (Spirea sp.) ‐ Grows 2 feet high with 3 to 4 feet spread. Early bloomer with luxurious shows of white flowers. Yellow‐red new growth makes this spirea attractive all season. Best in full sun, tolerates shade, but will flower less. Moist soil. Zones 4 –8.
Ornamental Chives (Allium sp.) ‐ 6‐12” tall, zones 4‐9, full sun. Globe‐shaped flowers fascinate folks with their gravity‐defying structure. Even though many Alliums are all under a foot tall, they will catch your eye, accenting shrubs or borders. Foliage has enough onion smell to keep those deer at bay.
Northern Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) ‐ Typically grows from 5 to 6 feet high but can reach 10 feet. Spreads easily and forms colonies. Foliage is semi evergreen, aromatic. Will grow well in dry, infertile, sandy, acidic soils. Grows best in full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Zones 2‐6. Native.
Other options include deer fencing, noisemakers, and deer repellents. Fencing seems to be the surest option, but selecting deer‐resistant perennials is highly recommended. Visit the Garden Center and our staff will help you pick the right perennial for the right place.
Fall Decorating Essentials For Home and GardenFall … goodbye hot summer days and hello crisp mornings and falling leaves. With the change in seasons, it’s time to also change the decorations, both in your home and in the garden. Here are some of our autumn favorites and maybe you’ll “fall” in love with them too!
Pumpkins and GourdsIt just wouldn’t feel like fall without these traditional mainstays. From tiny Jack Be Little to Dill’s Atlantic Giant that can grow to over 1,000 pounds, pumpkins come in every shape and size, making it easy to spice up your fall display. Add different colors by including white Baby Boo and blue Jaradale with your traditional orange pumpkins. Shapes can be varied too, with the square-like Blue Doll and flattened Cinderella that looks like a cheese wheel. With harder shells than pumpkins, and less “meat” inside, gourds often outlast pumpkins in a display and can last for months if cured properly. From the warty looking skins of some ornamental gourds to the mottled, long necks of the Speckled Swan variety, gourds are sure to add unique colors and textures to any fall arrangement.
BittersweetThis vine-like plant sports orange-red berries and has a woody stem, adding some more of Fall’s color palette to your autumn display. It can be mixed in with other decorations, used on its own, or made into wreaths- use your imagination!
Cornstalks and Hay BalesCornstalks are great for adding height to fall displays, especially when the display is next to a vertical feature such as a lamp post or tall mailbox. Although hay bales are similar in color, they are more useful for creating layers, providing “seats” for other decorations such as pumpkins, and allowing your arrangement to have multiple levels.
MumsWe would be remiss if we didn’t include mums, fall’s flower of choice. Either planted in a garden bed or simply in a pot on the porch steps, these beauties can provide long lasting color that’s still around when the trees drop their leaves and the landscape becomes drab. Mix and match colors or plant all the same, the choice is yours! If you’re like us, you’ll find it fun to experiment with all of these seasonal elements until you get the arrangement you’re looking for. If you need help to make it all come together, talk to our friendly Garden Center staff, or even better, let our Retail Services division do all the work for you … just sit back, relax, and enjoy the season!
10 Simple Tips for How to Garden in Small SpacesIf you live in an urban area, don’t want the maintenance of a big garden, or simply don’t have the space for very many plants, your green thumb might need a little help growing the garden of your dreams in the space that you have. With the right design and the proper planning, however, you can do a lot with small space gardening. Here are some helpful tips to get you growing:
1. Decide what to grow
Choose appropriate plants for where you are going to plant them. Some plants must be planted side by side, while others, such as climbing vines, can be planted vertically, giving you color and texture and saving space at the same time.
2. Decide where to grow
If you live in a city apartment, you may only be able to grow plants on your porch or balcony, but if you have a small yard, you may be able to plant directly in the ground. Growing can be successful in either place but location does affect what varieties of plants you can grow.
3. Watering considerations
All plants need water so determine where you will get it from before you plant. Ideally, choose a growing place that is close to an outside water source or not too far from your door if you have to water with a watering can.
4. Decide how to grow
Some plants take a long time to produce either flowers or fruit, while others take less. Decide ahead of time whether you want to plant something that will grow and produce all season, or whether you want to rotate crops. This is true for both flowers and vegetables.
5. Planting budget
Determine how much you want to spend and then find the best price. Sales around holidays such as Memorial Day, Father’s Day, or July 4th are great for saving you a little money.
6. Time and maintenance
If you’re short on time as well as space, choose plants that require less for daily maintenance, are drought and disease tolerant, and can be planted in pots where weeding will be less of a concern.
7. Function or beauty
Before shopping, decide whether you want plants that provide function, beauty, or both. For example, some lilies are beautiful to look at but can also be put on top of salads so you get two-for-one in the same space.
8. Plan for sunshine or shade
Pay close attention to how much sun your chosen garden spot gets every day and at what time of day it gets it. This will help you choose whether you need to buy full-sun plants or ones that are shade tolerant.
9. Use existing structures
Look at how you can add to or enhance existing landscape features. Planting vines that grow up a wall or annuals around an existing lawn statue can provide more color and texture without taking up a lot of space.
10. Have fun
Gardening should be enjoyable so have fun with it! Remember, it doesn’t have to be perfect the first time- evaluate what works and what doesn’t and soon you’ll be gardening like a pro!Now, it’s time to get to work! Following these simple tips will get you growing in the right direction but if you still need a little help, give us a call or stop in to the garden center.
Garden Planning in Upstate New YorkGardening can be a means to produce food for your family, produce to sell, or a personal hobby that you just enjoy. No matter what your purpose, gardening takes planning in order to experience success. There are not many homeowners out there who have the perfect garden location or all of the necessary knowledge to perfect the art of gardening, but we have put together some of the most critical information to help you make the most out of your plants and enjoy the many benefits that growing vegetables and feeding your family with healthy foods can bring. The perfect location is not always possible, but there are a few important things to remember when planning the area you will use.
- Sunlight is important and your garden will do best if it gets full sun
- 6 hours a day of direct sun is the minimum needed by most vegetable plants for optimum growth
- Leafy crops like lettuce and spinach produce reasonably well in a partly shaded location
- Root crops such as carrots and beets need more light than leafy vegetables, but may do well in a garden that receives only morning sun
- Fruiting plants such as peppers, tomatoes, and beans are sun worshipers and will yield poorly, if at all, with less than 6 hours of direct sun
- If your garden is shaded, experiment with the more shade‐tolerant vegetables to see which do best and put the full‐sun plants in containers that can be placed in a sunny area of your yard.
Companion Planting Chart for Vegetables
|Onions, garlic, gladiolus, chives|
|Beans, bush||Potatoes, cucumbers, corn, strawberries, celery, summer savory||Onions|
|Beans, pole||Corn, summer savory, sunflower||Onions, beets, kohlrabi, cabbage|
|Beets||Onions, Kohlrabi||Pole beans|
|Cabbage family (cabbage, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, broccoli)||Aromatic plants, potatoes, celery, dill, hyssop, chamomile, sage, peppermint, rosemary, beets, onions||Strawberries, tomatoes, pole beans|
|Celery||Leeks, tomatoes, bush beans, cauliflower,cabbage|
|Chives||Carrots, tomatoes||Peas, beans|
|Corn||Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, squash||Tomato|
|Cucumbers||Beans, corn, peas, radishes, sunflowers, lettuce||Potatoes, aromatic herbs|
|Eggplant||Beans, potatoes, spinach|
|Leeks||Onions, celery, carrots|
|Lettuce||Carrots and radishes (lettuce, carrots, and radishes make a strong team grown together), strawberries, cucumbers, onions|
|Melons||Corn, Nasturtium, Radish|
|Onions(garlic)||Beets, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, summer savory, leeks, chamomile (sparsely), pepper||Peas, beans|
|Peas||Carrots, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, corn, beans, most vegetables and herbs||onions, garlic, gladiolus, potatoes, chives|
|Potatoes||Beans, corn, cabbage, horseradish (should be planted at the corners of the patch), marigolds, eggplant (as a lure for the Colorado potato beetle)||Pumpkins, squash, cucumbers, sunflowers, tomatoes, raspberries|
|Radishes||Peas, nasturtiums, lettuce, melons, cucumbers||Hyssop|
|Soybeans||Grows with anything, helps everything|
|Strawberries||Bush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce (as a border), onions||Cabbage|
|Tomatoes||Chives, onions, parsley, asparagus, marigolds, nasturtiums, carrots||Corn, Kohlrabi|
- Grow vigorous, healthy plants.
- Rotate crops.
- Choose varieties carefully.
- Use proper sanitation practices.
- Check over transplants.
- Time your plantings carefully according to season and growing patterns.
- Pick out pests and remove by hand when possible.
- Use barriers.
- Consider the use of row covers.
- Mulch with aluminum foil for small area.
- Take advantage of natural enemies.
- Consider natural pesticides when all else fails.
- 1 plant per square: Tomatoes, peppers, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, eggplant, corn, melon, squash
- 4 plants per square: Lettuce, garlic, Swiss chard
- 8 plants per square: Pole beans, peas, spinach
- 16 plants per square: Beets, carrots, radishes, onions
Water It Right
Most gardeners, whether novice or an expert green thumb, know that watering your garden, flowers and plants within your landscaping is vital to their survival and nutrition. Inside and out, you can easily spot plants that have not received enough hydration and are showing signs of drying up and dying a slow death. When the summer months arrive, gardeners all over the country share the same concerns – what the high temperatures and potential water restrictions could do to their plants and flowers. When heat and drought put water supply sources in danger, municipalities must find ways to limit water use in their region to protect the supply and prepare for the demand. Knowing how and when to water your landscaping is important in order to survive the summer months.
Properly watering your garden means taking the time to reflect on your watering practices. In many cases, we know that many gardeners are wasteful and inefficient when it comes to watering plants and flowers. It is important to know your landscaping needs and follow these simple guidelines. In exchange, you will conserve water and bring your garden to life.
- For established plantings, deep and infrequent watering is recommended. An inch per week (rain plus irrigation) should be sufficient. Applying that inch of water in one deep watering will encourage deeper rooting, which leads to stronger, healthier plants.
- Check your local water municipality’s summer restrictions, if any. Typically, once per week to fill that inch will fall within the restriction.
- Shallow, frequent watering, on the other hand, will lead to shallow root systems and high water loss through evaporation.
- Shallow, frequent watering tends to waste more water than is used and won’t meet the demands of your plants.
- The best time of day is early morning before the temperatures get too high. It also means lower winds so less evaporation.
- Late afternoon is a good time as well, but be sure to leave enough time for the leaves to dry to avoid fungal diseases.
- A lawn sprinkler may be a good method for the lawn, but it may not be the best way to water a vegetable garden. Pick a device that meets your specific needs.